How do compounds exist in solid-state? Compounds exist as ions in the solid-state. Consider the following example – PCl5 molecule – This molecule has trigonal
74.Covalent Bonding(20)- Bent’s rule(3).
Example 3 – PCl3F2 molecule . This molecule has TBP geometry, with two F atoms and three Cl atoms as substituents. According to Bent’s rule,
72.Covalent Bonding(18)- Bent’s rule(1).
In this post, we are going to learn a comparatively new rule, proposed by Henry Bent. Henry Bent (1926-2015) was an American physical chemist who
71. Covalent Bonding(17)- The Bond Angle.
We have already studied that the angle between the central and terminal atoms of a molecule is called a bond angle. In this post, we
69.Covalent Bonding(15)- More concepts in hybridization theory(2).
Molecules with hybrid orbitals can be of two types – A] Symmetric molecules where all bonds are the same.e.g.- CH4 molecule, where all bonds are C-H
68. Covalent Bonding(14)- More concepts in hybridization theory(1).
After studying all types of hybridizations, we now delve deeper into this theory and learn various cardinal concepts related to it in detail. It is
67. Covalent Bonding(13)- sp3d3 , sp3d4 Hybridization.
sp3d3 hybridization The process of mixing one s- orbital, three p- orbitals, and three d-orbitals in an atom to form seven sp3 d3 hybrid orbitals of equivalent energy
66. Covalent Bonding(12)- sp3d2 Hybridization.
sp3d2 hybridization. The process of mixing of one s- orbital ,three p- orbitals and two d-orbital in an atom to form six sp3 d2 hybrid orbitals of equivalent energy is called sp3 d2 hybridization. EXAMPLE – SULPHUR HEXACHLORIDE (SF6) In the last post we studied the hybridization in SF4 molecule. The central sulphur atom was sp3d hybridized. It had a lone pair of electrons. […]
65. Covalent Bonding(11)- sp3d Hybridization.
In the last few posts, we studied about the most common types of hybridization namely -sp3, sp2, and sp hybridization. These are exhibited predominantly by
63. Covalent Bonding(9)- sp2 Hybridization.
sp2 hybridization. The process of mixing one s- orbital with two p- orbitals in an atom to form three sp2 hybrid orbitals of equivalent energy is called sp2 hybridization.
62.CHEMICAL BONDING (9)- Covalent Bonding(8)- sp3 Hybridization.
sp3 hybridization The process of mixing of one s- orbital with three p- orbitals in an atom to form four sp3 hybrid orbitals of equivalent energy is
61.Covalent Bonding(7)- Hybridization(2).
CONCEPT OF HYBRIDIZATION As we studied in the last post, Linus Pauling introduced an imaginary concept of ‘hybridization of atomic orbitals to explain the valency and